Indian Police

Law enforcement in India is a state subject, meaning that each state and union territory in India has its own police force. In addition to the state police, there are several central law enforcement agencies operating at the national level. Here are key points about law enforcement in India:

State Police:
Each state and union territory in India has its own police force, responsible for maintaining law and order within its jurisdiction. The state police are headed by the Director General of Police (DGP).


Police personnel undergo training at police academies to equip them with the necessary skills and knowledge. Training includes aspects of law enforcement, criminal investigation, public relations, and human rights.


The police in India face various challenges, including dealing with a large and diverse population, limited resources, and sometimes criticism related to issues such as corruption or human rights violations.

Legal Framework

The legal framework for policing in India is primarily derived from the Police Act of 1861. However, there have been calls for police reforms and modernization to align with contemporary challenges.